Emilio Grandinetti

Emilio Grandinetti

Emilio Grandinetti: the Union leader that shook America


Emilio Grandinetti was born on 29 ottobre 1882 Decollatura by Antonio and Filomena Pascuzzi. Antonio's father ran a tavern near the ’ Church of Casenove, While his mother worked as a spinner. It was the first of ten children: Rachela born in 1885, Maria Rosa in 1888, Angelo Raffaele nel1890, Maria Carmela in 1892, Raffaela in 1894, Luigi Attilio in 1897, Adelina in 1899, Hugh Richard in 1902, Esterina in 1904.

Casa natale di Emilio Grandinetti in Via V. Veneto, Decollatura CZ

Birthplace of Emilio Garnett in Via V. Veneto, Decollatura CZ

People with the surname Grendinetti are present in Decollatura from the late 18th century, Adami and Casenove. The branch he belonged to Emilio is that resident at Casenove and which has as its progenitor some Francesco which nothing else is known:

Albero genealogico dei Grandinetti

Family tree of Garnett

He attended elementary school in Catanzaro and later was sent to the Technical Institute of Messina. At Strait city Emilio Grandinetti continued his studies at the University, in the Faculty of engineering.

This period was spent at the University to affect deeply and permanently on his ideas, on its culture and its sensitivity. Classmates and were engineering student and future poet Vittorio Butera, These cousin Umberto Stranges, Peppino Petracca ("elegant guitar player"), Gigi Sirianni ("great mathematician").

In primo piano Emilio Grandinetti e Vittorio Butera; dietro Umberto Stranges e Gigi Sirianni

Featured Emilio Garnett and Vittorio Butera; behind Umberto and Louis Sirianni Stranges

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Vittorio Butera

Vittorio Butera

Vittorio Butera was one of the most important poets of Calabria, contemporary and great friend of Michele Pane. He has a leading place among the characters they have had with the latter a continuing relationship of esteem and friendship, witnessed by dating, from correspondence and poetry are mutually devoted. The apex is the mythical '' A relay team "dedicated to Vittorio Butera to Freedom, daughter of Michele Pane.

A complete biography on the poet and conflentese has not yet been released but many items are available in various publications such as journal articles and, more recently, Biographical notes accompanying publications on Vittorio Butera curated by Vittoria Butera for Centro Studi Vittorio Butera Conflenti.
I shall make use of all these sources and, In addition, documents found in research concerning the life of Michele Pane.

Tommaso Butera, il padre di Vittorio

Thomas Butera, Victor's father

Vittorio Butera was born in Conflenti Under the 23 December 1877 by Thomas and Maria Teresa Of Carusi, the latter surname is a variant of Caruso but appearing with this spelling for Father Vincent.
The Butera are owners of land that with hard work and commitment can provide an income sufficient to maintain a well-off family. The conflentesi then are known for hard work and the ability to harness all resources in the surrounding area, even those that seem apparently marginal.

Conflenti Superiore (in primo piano) e Inferiore

Conflenti Top (in the foreground) e Inferiore

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Felice Costanzo

Felice Costanzo

Felice Costanzo

Giuseppe Musolino

Happy Chang is one of the grandsons of Michele Pane, son of sister Nicolina (1853-1896). I include in this section, the one addressed to "friends" of the poet, because his relationship with famous uncle is not only familiar but font, at some point in life of Felice, turns into a friendship and almost between "gentlemen" to the interest that the young manifests for writing and poetry, In short, for what was his uncle's craft. Between them therefore a correspondence which combines themes of personal and family topic in cultural topics. But let's start from the beginning.

Felice Costanzo

Felice Costanzo (1894-1986)

Most news of Constantius Happy family we can draw from its volume From its origins ... (family memories) published by Rubbettino in 1983, in which he collects data, information and anecdotes about the lives of his ancestors and his staff.
The booklet begins with the oldest records relating to his ancestors that the Costanzo province of Catanzaro - especially Nicastro - would originate in Pedivigliano and before that of Cosenza, where were coming from Naples. The oldest character in the Happy family can remember is his great uncle Don Pasquale Costanzo, happy grandfather's brother, that was for years the pastor at Bella (village of Nicastro, now Lamezia Terme) and only around 60 years of age came to be assigned the parish of his country by Adami.
Grandpa Happy, our was proud to wear the same name, He died when his grandson was only one year. But at home he could hear the praises for a long time for that man laboriously who dedicated all his energies to the activities associated with the management of the many lands he had acquired with its resources and with the help of his brother Pastor.

Veduta di Censo - Maggio 2012

View of Wealth - May 2012

In the House with his grandfather lived a Happy sister, Grace, not having married had remained at home to help the family. In this period the Costanzo family had its greatest economic ascent that will take generations to afford one of the rarest luxuries for the time, i.e. access to education.
Happy grandfather and his wife Rachel Garnett Rosario were (died young), Giovanni and Gabriele. The last two were sent to Nag to attend the first three classes of the gymnasium.
Fulfilled the military service, John helps the family in managing the family business that, as said, needed a good organization that size had reached.
Comes shortly after time to take wife and the choice fell on a young man from a family of good economic conditions: Nicolina Bread, the older sister of Michele Pane.
From John and Nicolina were born several children of which only five survived. The latest was happy Costanzo that saw the light on 6 aprile 1894. However fate soon deprived him of mother, just over forty years of age, He died when the child was only a year and a half. Happy for the little it became necessary to employ a nurse who was found in his own country and then to another native of Motta's. Lucia moved in the child's home. Here, After the death of his mother, He had come to create a large family including five children, the father John, his great uncle Don Pasquale, the great-aunt Grace ("nun"), Rachel's grandmother and another aunt, Innocence. Happy Costanzo was in announcing his uncle Michele Pane in April 1894, shortly before his departure for America. This link will always be Uncle memory in letters and poems.

Casa natale di Felice Costanzo in località Censo, ora di altri proprietari.

Birthplace of Felice Costanzo località Censo, now other owners.

Not far from the home of Happy, lived her maternal grandmother Serafina Fiorentino. Grandmother Serafina was more rarely, also because the distances which today appear trivial were once perceived as more, especially for the poor condition of the roads. The Daria lived in borgata call while the Census had the Bread House in the center of Adams, near the Church: the distance was about 500 m.
When the grandchildren Costanzo went from grandmother Serafina, She welcomed them with love and sweetness, usually in the large kitchen, one in which there was the hearth and " ' u cippariellu"where as a child he sat his son Michele, son of which she spoke again and again along with the other characters of his family, first and foremost philosopher Francesco's brother who occasionally went to Adami to visit her and playing "tressette" in the cellar that ran Bread.
Sister Grace was for the little happy as a second mother. Lovingly took care of the brothers and other family members who lived in the same House. But she was lurking a sad fate because he died prematurely as a result of the complications of measles.
To care for younger siblings at the other sister then touched innocence that should also provide (together with other relatives or service people) other household needs such as preparing food for the many workers needed for the management of family property and to whom you had to administer – according to custom – more meals per day (early in the morning, by mid-morning, at lunch, and sometimes in the evening).
Meanwhile Happy Easter and completed his studies in Nicastro (1911) and innocence was able to break away from the family and marry Ernesto Paola Conflenti moved. But the poor Innocence had no luck because died shortly after, at the age of 31 anni, the consequences of an unfortunate birth.

Meanwhile happy Costanzo had continued his studies in Nicastro and, later, at the boarding school of Safa, in the province of Cosenza. The path from Adams to Safa, Remember Happy in that memoir, It was awkward because in the absence of train — it will be many years later — had to be done on the backs of donkeys or even walk. By Safa went to Catanzaro to Liceo-Ginnasio Galluppi and later still to the Normal School of Lacedonia. Here in 1911 He received his diploma and certification Degree after three years of stay in the Centre of Avellino.
Back in his native country, celebrated by family and friends for the prestigious achievement, it immediately gave to do to obtain a teaching position. And this came soon, the first of October 1911, at the elementary school of Curinga. Accompanied by his father and Uncle John pharmacist Louis Bread, Happy peaked at assigned location, but soon after he had to leave because another aspirant had filed an appeal - founded - because he had not yet reached the age of majority and therefore could not be taken.

The first real year of service will begin in December 1912 in the town of Gizzeria where happy will house and will live for a few years.
Soon came the mobilization for the war and had to dress up Happy Costanzo forcibly the uniform and go to the front. The target area was on Lake Garda and then in the area of operations where he served in Office work in military hospitals. After the defeat of Caporetto he wandered for a few days and then he was assigned to teach in war zones.

Felice Costanzo  (con il segno) militare nella I^ Guerra Mondiale

Felice Costanzo (with sign) in the military world war

Felice Costanzo in divisa

Happy Costanzo soldier

Sick of “tits fuck” He was hospitalized in the Hospital of Udine and subsequently intended for Catanzaro military hospital for convalescence. From here he went to Palermo until in August 1919 He returned permanently to his country by Adami.

Photographs of the war front that Constantius as a souvenir he kept Happy, You can see the great similarity of facial features and poise that he Happy with his uncle Michael, especially when compared with the first photographs of American Michael bread when he was the same age as Happy soldier. The resemblance will be preserved even in the following years, so much so that Gabriele Rocca, When a serious illness had gone to Rome for treatment and where he will die, meet Happy said: «You to Michele tutt'assomigli and facc's stature and!» (so in poetry For the thirtieth of Gabriele Rocca, in "show e luntananza", 1958).

From 1 October 1919 took service as a teacher in primary school in Soveria Mannelli, venue which reached by bicycle or on foot.
In those early post-war years, in the afternoon free from school work, He devoted himself to direct the work of reset home and agricultural properties, also because it was to conquer a new stage of his life: the wedding.
Il 18 August 1920 Happy bride Raffaela Costanzo, sister of Don Luigi and Rosarino, friends among the most sincere and lasting Michele Pane. The couple's four children will: Innocence, Achilles and the twins Grace and Rachel while happy getting slowly approach of employment first Lally and Adami.

Famiglia Costanzo nel 1930

Happy Chang with his wife Raffaela and their four children. Twin baby girls in his arms, Rachel and grace, in front of Innocence and Achilles.

Years pass and thinks Happy to give children the best opportunities to study, it would be useful to transfer the whole family in a big city.
You think of Rome, where Don Luigi's brother-in-law would have had the opportunity to help them in. And so it will happen, nel 1936, esattamante February 11. First he moved the Happy only reached after a few months the rest of the family that settled in Ostia Antica.
Exceeded, free, relations with the fascist who approached him to rebuke him for his lack of “attachment” the party — came to almost get the dismissal — life in the town of Ostia Antica continued safely, with his hard work and the children progress in studies.
All years, during the summer holidays, the Costanzo family moved in his native country of Adami. The event was so Happy systematic Costanzo — only known case!— in later years writes in the opening pages of books published the address “habitual”, namely to Rome (where will it live) and that “summer (July-August)” by Adami, including phone numbers.
Nel 1943 the departure for the summer vacation came sooner than expected because, for the pressure of the war, the closure of schools was anticipated and the family left for Adami already mid-June. You thought a brief stay in the House where, so were brought less baggage than usual, leaving everything in the House in Ostia, as for a short absence. But things went differently, Since the area of Ostia was displaced and no one could go back home.

They spent two years of anguish for the war situation that in Calabria feel its weight but, especially, the fate of the House ostiense abandoned to itself.
In the following two school years of forced residence in Calabria, il 1943-44 and 1944-45, Happy Costanzo taught Adams elementary school, with great pleasure, If it weren't for the fears about what maybe was happening at her house in Ostia.
In those same years, daughters Rachel and grace, attended 4° and 5° gymnasium at G.m of Catanzaro guests, together with her mother, of their Uncle Don Luigi Costanzo that in Catanzaro was appointed Provveditore agli Studi Allied command, after their landing in Sicily. Achille instead attended the 3 years in high school Fiorentino Nicastro. Cenza, He had already earned a baccalaureate, Adams remains with the father and loyal maid Sandrina.

Adams also there was some apprehension about the dangers of war. Around the area of Adams-Lally was a German anti-aircraft post was targeted by Allied aircraft. During the day, When the planes were threatening in the sky, the inhabitants of Adams left their homes and headed off in the nearby woods, hiding from view any Raiders.

In may 1945, obtained permission, Felice Costanzo, eagerly, He faced the trip to Ostia where he could finally learn the fate of their home.
With surprise and horror found it completely empty! No furniture and furnishings but not Windows, the sinks, the water pipes. The disappearance of objects and family heirlooms struck in the heart Happy, because the memories that have been handed down by means of objects, pictures, the letters are part of the family, like most other assets, being irreplaceable. I wonder also how many documents concerning the relationship with their famous Uncle Michele were destroyed on that occasion!

After the first moment of shock, you thought of as putting on the House. Later would come as some kind of compensation compensation for war damage, but it was late and inadequate. To prevent wasting another year to the two eldest sons, Costanzo Felice Adami left for the start of the new year - academic school for him and for children - going to live with her cousin Freedom in Rome, While his wife and one daughter were still in Calabria.

After a few days, organized with makeshift a semblance of habitability in the House in Ostia, Happy and the two children settled as you can place in the period following a disastrous war, with goods unavailable and, Anyway, at a very high price.

Summer's here, all find themselves in where Adams a few months later the whole family, now reunited, return to Ostia.

It was during these years that happy Costanzo begins to put pen to paper to compose his first poems receiving acclaim and appreciation. The thing that I was most encouraged that the applause and appreciation from people who were these things if they wanted to: Don Chani, Michele Pane, Vittorio Butera.

So passed the years ' 40 and came better times: the degrees of the children, buying a car (a Fiat 600), the assiduous frequentation of Don Luigi's brother-in-law who was in Rome, and everything seemed to be going right. Unfailingly, However, they should also get sorrows and pains, especially for the death of the beloved relatives: his brother Pasquale, Uncle Michael bread and brother-in-law don Luigi.

Dedica di Michele Pane su una copia di Garibaldina alla famiglia Costanzo

Dedication of Michele Pane on a copy of Garibaldi to Happy nephew Costanzo

The last two years of service in the Host school happy Costanzo spent them in the Office, having obtained the appointment of Employee trust exemption from teaching. Between the formalities, Happy was the time to devote to reading and also composition of various works that publish gradually with the publishers of Decollatura, Rome, Nicastro and Soveria Mannelli.
At the age of 65 anni, nel 1959 He was retired and then moved to Rome where he had bought a house in the Central via S. Evaristo, near Vatican City.
The children begin to undertake the professions related to qualifications: Cenza, degree in mathematics and physics, He began teaching; Achille, He graduated in electrical engineering deals with exams and entered the National Institute of Telecommunications; Rachel Graduated in Classics begins teaching; Grace, obtained a diploma in home economics, He teaches occasionally in some schools of Rome and Fiumicino.

Felice Costanzo con figlie e nipoti

Happy Costanzo with daughters and grandchildren

Felice Costanzo con Libertà e Oronzo e figlie, luglio 1973

Happy Costanzo toasts with Freedom, Oronzo e figli - July 1973

From 1961 Happy, sold home di Censo, He moved into another House that was renovated in the area near the railway station of Adami (The Pits), with a large garden in which was also a nice bowling, one of his passions.

The booklet "From its origins ... (family memories)"it was very useful to tell the story of happy Costanzo until the beginning of the years ' 60. For the next part they offered me help her poems (many relate to particular episodes of his life) and memories – vivid and detailed – Rachel's daughter.

What emerges from his autobiographical notes – but also from the rest of his works – is a happy Costanzo which serious man, honest, laborious, attached to the life we knew the most appreciate simple pleasures, without aiming to great fanfare and sensational and claims.

«Match tressette – Remember Rachel – and scopone, outside the home or family, filled him with joy. The same positive effect was the game of bowls in the field who addura de viole and brushwood "by Michele in Pagliaia or home field.»

In summer, When in all the countries of the fairs were held district, Happy absolutely had to visit them all. Touched his daughter Cenza with him in the car, Although he was not particularly enthusiastic about, imagining the difficulty encountered in juggling the chaos created by the circulation of oxen, donkeys, sheep, women with baskets on their heads, children, old disoriented, truck and then all other machines.
More than all, Rachel tells me, the weighed go abandoned fair Soveria, where was particularly cramped space. But it was not necessary to insist a lot and Cenza took the car keys, willing to sacrifice himself again to the father. And he was doubly happy!

Life in the home of Adams offered him many small pleasures, How to treat fruit seedlings which did not miss the water, in Exchange for obtaining the fruits (especially pears) that very appreciated.
One of his favorite walks took him to old fountain by Adami, always with his pocket glass, ready to get some healthy drinking. No drink was enjoyed by happy Costanzo as the waters of the springs of his land.
Another great pleasure was Happy to accommodate more "beautiful flowers" that crowned its existence namely granddaughters Raffaella and Silvia – Achille's daughters – and sometimes Teresa, Lucilla and Mimmo, children of Grace.

Felice Costanzo a Villa Sciarra (Roma) con i nipoti Raffaella, Mimmo, Teresa, Lucilla e Silvia. Anno 1973 circa

Happy Costanzo Villa Sciarra (Rome) with grandchildren Raffaella, Mimmo, Teresa, Lucilla and Silvia. Year 1973 circa

In December 1972 He was awarded the appointment of Member of the Accademia Cosentina, as had happened sixty years before Uncle Michele Pane. Happy Costanzo welcomes almost with disbelief the news, composing for a poem published in 1975 to thank the appointment and to shield itself behind its traditional modesty.

Nel 1974, between June and July, He spent more than a month of hospitalization in a hospital in Catanzaro. Back home, He spent a long period of convalescence in which, consoled by relatives, slowly began to walk with the aid of two sticks. Had to say goodbye to your bicycle, bowls and his usual "70 laps around the House.

A few years later, a big pain is lurking. Il 17 ottobre 1978 dies his beloved wife Raffaela, Rafeluzza as vezzosamente called. It is needless to add that, at this point, Happy Costanzo's life undergoes a fundamental shift. Here comes loneliness, Here come the long days spent thinking and brooding, my thoughts wandering, between sweet memories and bitterness.
The biggest consolation was, in this period, continuing to write poetry and to retrace his life thought coming increasingly to appreciate the little things, the small joys of life.
Great comfort gave visits old friends in Rome or in the home of Adams during the summer, as those, among others, by Ahmed Salah, Peppino Cerra, Peppino Scalzo and Joseph Mascaro of Serrastetta.

Meanwhile, approaches the epilogue. At the beginning of June 1986, Happy Costanzo begins to experience some weakness.
Is his only kidney begins to give, having had the other removed many years before. The situation falls, but happy, While realizing the gravity of the situation, continue to hope to be back to see again his Adami.
Then "Is over! – Finally whispers in my ear of daughter Rachel – Next to me is my brother Pasquale, you see it? Is here!»

On the evening of 13 giugno 1986, at his home in Rome, dies peacefully after reciting the entire "Before S. Guido» by Candace, one of his favorite poems.

After the funeral in Rome, his body was moved to where Adams, in the packed Church, prof. Peppino Scalzo delivered a warm eulogy. And then, When the procession, ruefully started along the road leading to the cemetery of Decollatura, passed under the great Oak of Linza, the same outstretched Bare hand Peppino a upward and, grabbed a tree branch, without disconnecting it, I approached the coffin in which lay Happy, in greeting, just as he had imagined in the poem dedicated to the oak.
Freed from the grip, the branch returned to his place, to look happy that started along the last bitter stretch of his earthly life.

Lettera dell'aprile 1953 di Michele Pane a Felice Costanzo

Letter of April 1953 Michele bread to happy Costanzo


Against his uncle Michele Pane, Happy of course had respect and admiration. His contribution was essential to complete the publication of the collection Musa Silvestre in Rome at the Publisher Victor Bonacci (decollaturesi sources) nel 1967. A happy Costanzo succeeded on that occasion, the project undertook editorial ten years earlier by Gabriele and Don Luigi Costanzo at the urging of freedom. Wanted to publish a new anthology of poems by Michele Pane but for various problems with publishers and their sudden disappearance had not been able to up until that point the enterprise accomplishment. The literary production of happy Costanzo consists of sixteen publications, Sixteen Gach all volumes in Pocket format, suitable to contain almost always on one page, an entire poem, comfortable to hold. The themes are second-hand verses (Brindisi, greeting cards for special occasions and celebrations, etc.) but also memories of his childhood, Christmas country Adami, and even poems that would be suitable for a book reading for elementary (... those once) because of pedagogical and affectionate tone, as it was supposed to come natural for his long teaching profession. It, just about it, We distinguish between these volumes, one entitled "Grammatichetta Italian verse». The Publisher of the first edition of 1949, Victor Bonacci, These words: «This grammatichetta […] was born in the school and the school, in close collaboration with the same pupils who-with the festive welcome, with the readiness of their experiment mnemonic, with their renewed and happy in the references or correction of analysis – were most effective stimulators of thoughtful teacher who has searched for them – only for them – easy formulas, often lively and joking, in order to invoke rules and regulations usually poorly digestible and abstract». And in fact the master Happy strives to find ways to express with punctuality and rules on articles, names, verbs, and all that constitutes the torment of schoolchildren:


Four son finite ways,
which exact fan action;
three other gl'indefiniti,
that leave undecided.

First there's the indication
that gives you everything you need,
and then comes the subjunctive,
What did express dubbiezza.

After the if with SUBJUNCTIVE,
SO THERE IS conditional tense;
IF your father Was alive,
not YOU'D BE so bad.

And so on, for all verb tenses.

In this first work followed "show e luntananza. (Viersi 'n calavrise)» published by Publisher Victor Bonacci in Rome in 1958, in which the presence of the impression of his uncle Michele Pane is evident, starting from that subtitle Viersi 'n calavrise reminiscent of that used in bread 1911 Stroffe ' ncalavrise. This book contains one of the most famous poems of happy Costanzo:


Or cerza, those perched puterusa
SPIDI lu vientu fort '' and tramuntana,
is mind you remember amurusa
If ' always vorge ttie who Yes luntana!

You watch '' u cum faru de sarvizza
' u marinaru look of the unde intru,
quandu lu ' vientu na timpest'attizza
and its pagure if fanu funde.

Or old cerza, who vidìre
fermu's tops at zumpunìa and truncu
widen, vrazza cumu pp ' accommodate,
accuogli puru ' is my word!

' U viernu tu te spùogli ' pp alluttare
cchjù forzicuta ccu ' lli ugly vienti;
' mprimavera ' at ncigni pue t'adornare,
CA bisuognu lu nuostru you already sienti!

Or cerza rande, sutta's ssa friscura
repairs the ccu ' lli agelluzzi nests
and glianda and dune and frisca pure air:
'n' âtri thousand years been dduve sidi!

The moni ùomini always if war faû
PPE ' sse pull the anim ' and llu core;
you, who is ' strong ' arradicata nterra,
well surtantu mandi always come on!

To ' ss'umbra your cuntientu, ' e quatrariellu,
fùozi scolaru ( and cumulative cce tornerra!);
to ' ss ' umbra cce pue fùozi giuveniellu,
de maestru ('' furnut war).

And Tan years cce cuntientu,
faciendu, cumulative pùotti, ' u my duvere;
smell me portàu luntanu 'n' autru vientu,
but always ' piensu chille springs!

Ss ' umbra cce pue tuornu vecchiariellu
PPE ' te dire ' st ' bitter story:
– "You old ages and I ' nu quatrariellu;
Mo ' sugnu viecchiu. Yes fort ' and bella!» –

A ' ssu tiermin'e Linza pue you up
and me ' ppe ' ncaminu ... ' na bad via
and quandu ' ntieri, all'urtimu, Te passu,
' na chjca top supra '' in vara my!

'A cerza d''a Linza (La quercia della Linza), Adami

' A cerza d '' to Linza (La quercia Linza), Adami. On the left you can see the 19th-century former primary school building

The atmosphere is nostalgic poetry, typical of a lot of production of Uncle Michael. Points of Adami, limited in number but in endless combinations that can produce, However, different because different was the "reading" of the two men: temporally separated by a generation and space from oceanic infinity. Happy, in this poem, It speaks of a majestic oak tree that grew (and still continue to enjoy good health) the border of a land called ’a linza in the immediate vicinity of the old building of Adams elementary school. The oak has seen child when going to school, teenager to sigh, Maybe, in its shade, from adult to teach for many years in that same school. Happy hour tells her to wait for him for the last, fatal encounter. When he, in the coffin, the under because it is from there that the road that passes by the Church of Adams at the cemetery gate, asks only a small sign, in Exchange for the estimated that he had for her: a bow made from a branch, a last goodbye!

It, Somehow, so it will happen!






Grammatichetta Italian verse, Victor Bonacci Publisher, Rome



To remind, Gastaldi Publisher, Milan

January 1958


Juri 'and distance (Viersi 'n calavrise), Victor Bonacci Publisher, Rome

May 1958


Little things (little poems for children), Tip. Numistrana – L. Nucci, Lamezia Terme



Other memories ..., Tip. Numistrana – L. Nucci, Lamezia Terme



late show (viersi 'n calavrise), Tip. Numistrana – L. Nucci, Lamezia Terme



last Juri (viersi 'n calavrise), Tip. Numistrana – L. Nucci, Lamezia Terme



Last Memories (poems in Italian), Tip. Numistrana – L. Nucci, Lamezia Terme



last Juri (added), Rubbettino, Soveria M.lli



Last Memories (added), Rubbettino, Soveria M.lli



Last Memories (other additions), Rubbettino, Soveria M.lli



Grammatichetta Italian verse, Tip. Olimpica, Rome (Reprinted with additions)



Latest memories and juri, Grafica Reventino, Decollatura



… JURI. Retrieved from LATEST MEMORIES and JURI, Grafica Reventino, Decollatura,

1979 (?)


Still remember ..., Rubbettino, Soveria M.lli,



From its origins ... (family memories), Rubbettino, Soveria M.lli


Below I present the covers of all publications by Constantius and Happy, for each of them, also some pages:

I warmly thank the daughters Rachel and grace Chang for the information and material provided.

Copyright © 2012 Giuseppe Musolino

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Helen Grayco

Helen Grayco

Helen Grayco

Giuseppe Musolino

It’ was one of the biggest surprises when I came across while writing the biography of Michele Pane: his grandson – or better, a nephew of his wife Arlene Baker – was and still is a very famous singer in the U.S.. Few in Calabria know her and is for this reason that I want to talk about in this blog. But let's start with order.

Helen Grayco

Helen Greco, aka Helen Grayco

The singer is known as Helen Grayco but his real last name is Greco and its link with Concettina Bilotta is explained in the following lines. Antonio Sinopoli was the maternal grandfather of Maria Concetta Bilotta; among the sons of Antonio Sinopoli there were Innocent and Elizabeth. Elizabeth is the mother of Maria Concetta Innocence and married Greco Giovanbattista. By Giovanbattista was born in 1885 Baptist who emigrated very young in 1901 in the United States. Baptist Greco was thus first cousin of Maria Concetta but also second cousin of the same Michele Pane.
Baptist Greco emigrated to the U.S. in 1901 where in 1908 He married Rosa Cianflone in turn emigrated to the city of Tacoma (Washington). Here their 11 children, as you can see from the following document which is a census page 1930:

Censimento Usa del 1930 - famiglia Battista Greco

U.s. Census 1930 – Family Baptist Greco

The family lived at no. 1314 by South Cushman Ave. and its components are listed starting with the number 57 Sheet. The first is the head of the Baptist, following his wife Rosa, then the daughters Catherine, John, Theresa, Ralph, George, Anthony, James, Helen, Elizabeth, then his father-in-law Raffaele (Ralph) Cianflone. Battista is owner of a pastry shop where they worked the first two children, while the penultimate daughter is just the Helen which is discussed.

Helen was born 20 settembre 1924 and she showed a remarkable talent for singing. At age eight he made his debut in a program entitled The Carnival Hour KHJ radio station that broadcast from Los Angeles. Then there was the meeting with Bing Crosby (famous actor and singer, He was also born in Tacoma) which happened to listen to Helen who sang in a radio show broadcast from a radio station in Seattle. Crosby, listening, uttered the prophetic words “Holly-wood!” and so it was.
In those years – the 30 's – America was in the midst of the economic crisis, the great depression, and even Baptist's business, Helen's father, I suffered. Indeed, because of the great depression, It happened that the customers of his shop-restaurant could no longer pay the Bills and he, continuing to do credit, quickly found itself in an economic situation untenable and had to close the business. That's how Helen became the support for the whole family, its 10 Brothers, his parents and his maternal grandfather who lived with them. Accompanied by two older brothers and sister went to Hollywood where he managed to get the contract for the show. At that point the entire family moved to Los Angeles. Helen worked 50 up to 70 dollars per week, a major figure during the depression years. A 13 He was placed under contract by Universal Studios, signing a contract with Joe Pasternak. Universal Studios were looking for a new actress to replace Deanna Durbin, He had a huge hit with the film Three Smart girls del 1936, which was about to leave the young roles to move to those of female. Helen seemed a candidate to be the actress of Studios for teenage roles and pre-contract that included weekly pay of 100 He was dollar proof. The film was supposed to call Little Lady directed by Norman Taurog, but a sudden change in the management of the Universal Studios, reversed things and Helen was dissolved.

After Helen had some participation in famous movies, but these were small parts.
The most important is a brief appearance in one of the most important films in the history of cinema A night at the Opera Marx Brothers 1935. Helen, who was then only 11 anni, He appears as one of the little girls that surrounded Chico Marx playing piano, that scene comes immediately after the song played by Allan Jones, in the central part of the film. Here's the short clip where you see Helen (is the second from the right, highlighted):

His name, Of course, does not appear in the cast and the knowledge of this particular comes from an interview by the same American music critic Helen Bill Reed 2008.

Meanwhile Helen attending Hollywood Professional School in Los Angeles.

Hollywood Professional School

Hollywood Professional School in Los Angeles

For two or three years Helen Grayco, This had become his stage name, He worked with the bands of Chuck Cascalas, Chuck Cabot and Red Nichols.

Nel 1946 the decisive encounter with her future husband, Spike Jones singer. Helen was performing all’ Hollywood Palladium When it was felt by Spike Jones who waited for the end of the exhibition to talk with Helen to propose to work with him. Helen was puzzled why the kind of spectacle of Jones was completely different from his. She was a singer of swing and jazz whilst Spike Jones proposed theater, best suited to actors that for singers. But he made it clear: Helen would have a space all its own, autonomous from the rest of the show, 15-20 minutes of useful songs to calm the public and usually very excited for the incredible performance of Jones.

Helen is then inserted into the show by Jones and the two become something more that will take them to marriage in 1948. In that summer of 1948 they had gone in Los Angeles Maria Concetta Baker and his daughter Leda (wife and daughter of Michele Pane) as a story in the biography of Michele Pane on page. 214 and following. The couple were on honeymoon in Honolulu and returned to town just in time to greet guests who were to return to Chicago.

Articolo sull'imminente matrimonio di Spike e Helen

Article imminent Spike wedding and Helen

Fotografia di un'agenzia che annuncia l'imminente matrimonio di Helen e Spike

Photography agency announcing the imminent marriage of Helen and Spike

Spike Jones, Helen Grayco e figli

Spike Jones, Helen Grayco and sons

Spike Helen e figlio

Spike, Helen and son

Helen's career continued on the show and also as a solo singer with a particular jazz, Jazz from “small cocktail hour”, very charming and engaging. He published numerous individual disks and then two albums, respectively 1957 and 1958 titled After Midnight and Lady in Red:

Copertina di "After midnight" - 1957

cover “After midnight” – 1957

Copertina di "Lady in red"

cover “Lady in red”

Spike Jones died at the age of 53 years in 1965.

Helen maintained good relations with the family of Michael Pane. Besides the episode recounted in the biography Michele Pane. The Life in pag. 214, When the show ended down from the stage to greet the Bread sitting in the third row of Studebaker Theatre of Chicago (nel 1947), Pamela, the daughter of Salvatore, I wrote that he still remembers the day when, during a Spike and Helen from Chicago (in the early 60 's), She was a guest along with his father of the spouses Jones in restaurant Pump's Room. The Pump's Room of’Ambassador East Hotel It was the city's most prestigious restaurant, especially the One Booth, where was the major actors and celebrities. It was really something out of the ordinary be admitted in that Hall and Spike and Helen did a really nice gift by inviting Salvatore and daughter Pamela in that exclusive venue.

Helen Grayco reports with relatives calabresi we the unprecedented testimony of Carmela prof.ssa Brunetti of Lamezia Terme, linked by kinship with Helen, I has kindly provided a photograph sent in 1958 his father, Michele Brunetti Uncle Baptist Greco:

Battista Greco, la moglie Rosa e gli 11 figli nel 1958

Baptist Greco, his wife Rosa and 11 children in 1958


In this exceptional creative parents are central to, seduti, and all about the children. Helen is left white suit, with its unmistakable smile. Hanging on the wall, right, You can see a frame with a picture of Spike Jones and Helen.

This is the dedication that accompanied the photograph:

Dedica a Michele Brunetti

Dedication of Baptist Greco to Michele Brunetti

Thanks again, Carmela, for their generous collaboration!

Giuseppe Musolino


Here's some footage that allow us to see Helen Grayco, a very talented artist.

The first proposes one of the numerous holdings of Helen Grayco the spectacle that Spike Jones kept on NBC television network entitled Colgate Comedy hour. It was a program sponsored by Colgate Palmolive Company that alternated commercials of the multinational cleaning products then also famous in Italy with gags and songs and that aired Sunday evening 20,00 at 21,00.
The star presenter is Spike Jones, with his typical Plaid suit and perpetually chewing gum in mouth. The following is the song "Mad About the Boy» Sung by Helen in the episode aired on 16 settembre 1951:

Here's another song, "One for My Baby, by Helen Grayco in Spike Jones show 1952:

These are other interpretations of Helen:

Helen Grayco Well Be Together Again:


Helen Grayco Lily's Lament [Cell 29]. Music by Perez Prado:

Helen Grayco Take me in your arms:


Helen Grayco “Rock And Roll Wedding”, 1956:

Helen Grayco “Night train”:

Interview with Helen Grayco and friends remembering Spike Jones from Spike Jones official website:


Helen Grayco also has investments in some Hollywood movies.
That Certain Age (1938)

Locandina di "That Certain Age"

Poster of “That Certain Age”

In this movie, starring Deanna Durbin, Helen has only a small part so that the cast is shown as “girl”.
Cha-Cha-Cha Boom

Locandina "Cha Cha Cha Boom"

Poster “Cha Cha Cha Boom”

Helen in this film plays “herself” as it plays the track Lily's Lament [Cell 29] with music by Perez Prado that is visible in the previous link.
Another movie poster:

Locandina "Cha Cha Cha Boom"

Poster “Cha Cha Cha Boom”

Helen Grayco Spike Jones and her husband were always followed with great attention by American newspapers that specialize in music.
For example, the weekly The Billboard on almost all issues published news and photographs of the two artists, and often devoted their cover art.
Here are some pictures:

Copertina di Billboard 5 agosto 1950

The Billboard cover, 5 August 1950

What follows is a photograph taken from an article published in The Billboard del 29 novembre 1947 When Helen and Spike (not yet married) show a barrel full of coins collected to finance a partnership for action against cancer.
Photography is interesting because, as the caption says, the collection was made during a show at Chicago's Studebaker that then is when it came to the meeting with the family of Michael Pane (see Michele Pane. The Life in pag. 214).

The Billboard 29 novembre 1947

The Billboard, 29 novembre 1947

The Billboard 17 marzo 1951

The Billboard, 17 marzo 1951


The Billboard, 12 febbraio 1955

The Billboard, 12 February 1955


The Billboard, 18 settembre 1954

The Billboard, 18 settembre 1954


Copertina di Down beat

Cover of Down beat, 1951

Copertina TV Guide 1961

TV Guide Cover, July 1961


Helen, Spike e Duke Ellington, dalla rivista "Jet", 1954

Helen, Spike and Duke Ellington, magazine “Jet”, 1954

These are links to some videos on the network showing the performances of Spike Jones:

1) Hits Medley: a collection of hits

2) Pass the biscuits, Mirandy (1942)


Copyright © 2012-2013 Giuseppe Musolino

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Gaspare Colosimo

Gaspare Colosimo

Gaspare Colosimo was perhaps the friend who had more influence on the life of Michele Pane. It’ so inevitable that in these pages being hosted his own biography and deepening its relations with our poet.

Senatore Gaspare Colosimo nel 1925

Senator Gaspare Colosimo in 1925

Gaspare Colosimo was born in Colosimi, in the province of Cosenza, the April 8 1859 by Peter Paul (Attorney) and Artemisia Colosimo. The studies followed in his father's footsteps and graduated from the law school to start after the legal profession.
He settled in Naples, Tommasina Garnett, nephew of Senator Francis Xavier Saudi. He started working professionally in Naples enjoying wide success and began to direct his interests towards politics. First became councilor and then Director of that province.
But a political career of more far-reaching awaited him in the constituency of Serrastretta (province of Catanzaro) where was elected Deputy in the 18TH legislature 6 novembre 1892.

cartolina Colosimo

After this election, Colosimo was re-elected continuously until the 26TH legislature 1921, adding to his parliamentary activities to various positions in Government. Nel 1924 He was appointed Senator.

The Government took various positions: State Secretary, Ministry of agriculture, industry and trade from July 1 1898 at 17 may 1899; State Secretary at the Ministry of Justice and religious affairs from 5 giugno 1906-24 marzo 1907; Sottosmarzoario at the Ministry of colonies from26 November 1912 at 24 novembre 1913; Minister for Posts and Telegraphs from 24 novembre 1913 at 19 marzo 1914; Minister of colonies from 19 giugno 1916 at 23 giugno 1919; Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of the Interior "on an interim basis in case of absence of the owner" from 9 March to 23 giugno 1919.

Tommasina Colosimo

Bust of Tommasina Garnett Colosimo

The family life of Gaspare Colosimo was troubled by the sudden and untimely death of one of the children, Paul Colosimo, already started the career of lawyer, on 24 may 1913.

In memory of the unfortunate son, The Colosimo married couple thought to help children suffering from blindness and to do that devoted resources and energies for the Institute of Naples blind which was in dire economic conditions. In memory of this the Institute was named after Paul Colosimo, as still today is called.

Paolo Colosimo

Marble bust of Paul Colosimo - Institute "Paolo Colosimo" of Naples

Regarding the relationship with Michele Pane, the beginning is definitely to be placed at the time of Lucera process of 1900.
Contact with the lawyer Colosimo was favored by the family bread that certainly had had contact with the Colosimo politician since the days of its first entries in the Chamber of deputies in the constituency of Serrastretta. We must not forget that Michael's uncle, pharmacist Francesco Saverio Bread, It was introduced into political life and was able to somehow determine the orientation of the electorate. This is also proven by the correspondence with grandson acquired philosopher francesco Fiorentino at the time of his nominations to the Chamber.

At the time of Francesco Saverio process Bread had already disappeared for some time but the channel with Mr Colosimo was still open, and then his choice as defense attorney Michele Pane in a cause that, in some ways, had a political connotation, It was possible and proves a winner.

Procedural phase Gaspare Colosimo, even when he was Senator, Parliamentary Under-Secretary and Minister, always maintained good relations with Michael bread with him clenching a relationship of true and lasting friendship.

The biography of Michele Pane shows many episodes in which the poet addresses the powerful politician for help in finding a job, both in America and, even more hopefully, in Italy. You can't, honestly, say that Colosimo neglected the friend, because there is proof or at least clues about his speech, though it is not even possible to think that with the influence he could have a Secretary or Minister there was no way to find a niche by employee to an experienced person in accounting, journalist and writer!


Frammento di lettera da Colosimo a Michele Pane

Letter fragment from Chaman to Michele Pane

In the municipality of Colosimi (PR. of Cosenza), his native country, It was dedicated to Gaspare Colosimo a monument that was once placed in the main square.
In the early 2000s was moved to a small square where now is located, as you can see from the photographs that follow.

Il busto di Gaspare Colosimo in una piazzetta del centro abitato

The bust of Gaspare Colosimo in a square of the village

busto Colosimo

Bust of Gaspare Colosimo

Testo sul monumento a Gaspare Colosimo

Detail of the text on the monument

The text says:












To view some documents related to the political career of Gaspare Colosimo You can use This link opening of browsable online pages.

Biographical notes on Gaspare Colosimo are available from the website of the Pro Loco of Colosimi, his native country, in This link (Opens a new window).

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Arturo Giovannitti

Arturo Giovannitti

Arturo Giovannitti

Arturo Giovannitti was born in Ripabottoni (PR. Campobasso) il 7 January 1884 by Domenico Maria Giovannitti (Pharmacist) and Adelaide Luisa Giovanna Evelina Levante.

He began his studies in his native land. Young engaged in social movements of the early 20th century he was sent by his family to America to silence his political activism. In America he studied in Montreal at a Protestant Seminary (associated with McGill University) then for a short time at Columbia University in New York. He worked for some time in the coal mines of Pennsylvania. Active in struggles from overseas joined in 1908 the Italian Socialist Federation of North America and later the Revolutionary Trade Union Industrial Workers of the World (IWW). He was editor of the weekly Italian radical Proletarian and was one of the greatest orators of the movement operario. Nel 1912 Joseph Ettor became involved in a court case that made him known throughout the world and that he anticipated the most famous court case of Sacco and Vanzetti.

During the great strike of Lawrence in Massachusetts 1912 the 16-year-old was slain Anna LoPizzo, a textile workers during clashes with law enforcement. Of this murder were liable Arturo Giovannitti and Joseph (Joseph) Ettor (one of the organizers for the IWW strike) and the worker Joseph Caruso as perpetrator of the assassination. The three were jailed. The case sparked a huge outcry in the American and world public opinion. To affirm their innocence established movements and associations worldwide. The IWW with a paid subscription fees. Lawrence textile workers declared a general strike for their release. Giovannitti and Ettor was tried with Caruso in Salem (Massachusetts) but then were acquitted in November 1912.

Giovannitti Caruso Ettor

Joseph Caruso, Joseph J. Ettor and Arturo Giovannitti

Giovannitti was tireless in his activism. He founded and wrote for various newspapers in Italian and English. Nel 1923 He was the first Secretary-General of the Anti-fascist Association of North America. Nel 1925 along with Hector worked for the cause of Sacco and Vanzetti.

In prison he wrote the poem Giovannitti “The Walker”, that made him known to a wider audience. Among his writings are the collection of poems “Words and blood” (1938) and “When she sings the Rooster” (1957). Were published posthumously “The Collected Poems” (1962), in English language.

Against Michele Pane, Giovannitti showed respect and appreciation, as evidenced by the letter you wrote about Caprera opera (so you would call Garibaldina) He had a part in preview and will be included in the work:

Lettera di Giovannitti a Michele Pane

Giovannitti letter to Michele Bread posted in Garibaldina in 1949

The death of Michele Pane Giovannitti wrote to Arlene widow a letter from worded:

OUTSTANDING Lady. The sad death of his illustrious Spouse I came with long delay and hit me in the heart live.
He was a great poet, a man of great heart and a perfect gentleman and his memory will remain in lasting affection and veneration ʼ of his innumerable admirers including ʼ and I honor the Register also pride ʼ ʼ I. Can these poor and humble words soothe her grief and that of his children and relatives.
The kiss both hands, heartfelt and reverent.
Arturo Giovannitti

Giovannitti died in New York on 31 December 1959.

His hometown of Ripabottoni remembers Giovannitti with a literary award held annually.

This is the link the virtual Foundation website Giovannitti where you can find some interesting paper on the character.

The photograph below shows Arturo Giovannitti, highlighted in the circle and with his inseparable flaming red scarf, While attending a picnic on the South Side of Chicago arranged for the collection of the American Socialist Movement members. Giovannitti always participated in demonstrations where he was welcomed with enthusiasm because it was, as well as a great writer, especially an unparalleled orator.

Giovannitti nel 1911 picnic a Chicago

Giovannitti in 1911 in a picnic in Chicago



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